In the galleries, rooms and open spaces of Vatican Museums all the art forms and all the aspects of human civilization are represented. There are testaments of the oldest civilization on the Mediterranean together with great artists as Giotto, Caravaggio and Van Gogh. There are minor art objects and artifacts of non-European cultures together with the large cycles of frescoes that offer the very image of Renaissance and the glory of the Church as those by Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel and those by Raphael’s in the Stanze. Vatican Museums represents the Catholic Church and its interest and respect for culture, art and above all the human being.
The Gardens in Vatican City are private urban gardens and parks which cover more than half of the country that is the smallest state in the world. they contain a variety of medieval fortifications together with buildings from the 9th century to the present day, set among vibrant flower beds and topiary. There are a lot of fountains cooling the gardens, sculptures, an artificial grotto devoted to Our Lady of Lourdes, and an olive tree donated by the government of Israel. In Castel Gandolfo the Palace and Villa Barberini with its superb Italian terraces are universally recognized as the summer residence of the Popes. They lie on the ruins of a more ancient residence which belonged to the Emperor Domitian, one of the most ferocious persecutors of the Christians after Nero.