The Sanctuary of Palestrina

In Palestrina, the sanctuary of ancient Praeneste stands out in the Italic landscape of the Republican era, not just because of its grandeur and beauty, but also because of the architectural complexity which integrates it perfectly into the land on which it’s built. At the top of the Sanctuary, the Palazzo Colonna-Barberini (1400) is a unique example of the integration between classical and renaissance art and is the home of the Archaeological Museum. It is here that the Nile Mosaic is preserved, depicting the entire river, from ancient Nubia, populated with mythological animals, all the way to Alexandria in Egypt. The mosaic is a masterpiece of the 2nd century BC which, due to its size, state of preservation, and artistic quality, has no equal in Italy.