Settled around the 7th century BC by the Oscan peoples, Pompei became an official Roman colony in 80 BC. Pompei was a popular vacation destination for the Romans. Actually many wealthy Romans had summer homes here. In AD 79 Vesuvius erupted and the town was destroyed and buried under a layer of lapilli (burning fragments of pumice stone). Pompei remained mostly untouched until 1748, when a group of explorers looking for ancient artifacts arrived in Campania and began to dig. Today the result is a remarkably well-preserved slice of ancient life, where visitors can walk down Roman streets and admire millennia-old houses, temples, shops, cafes, amphitheatres, and even a brothel.